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EL PASO — President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S. Mexico border Sunday afternoon for the first time since he’s taken up office in the White House.
He’s scheduled to arrive in El Paso where he “will assess border enforcement operations and meet with local elected officials and community leaders who have been important partners in managing the historic number of migrants fleeing political oppression and gang violence.”
According to news reports, Biden will tour the Bridge of the Americas port of entry — which connects El Paso to Ciudad Juárez for tourists and commercial trade. The president will also visit the El Paso County Migrant Services Center. Biden will be joined by Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas, U.S. Reps. Veronica Escobar, D-El Paso, Henry Cuellar, D-Laredo, and Vicente Gonzalez, D-McAllen, El Paso Mayor Oscar Leeser and El Paso County Judge Ricardo Samaniego.
Later in the afternoon he’s scheduled to leave to head to Mexico City. Biden is scheduled to meet with Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau during the North American Leaders’ Summit in Mexico City on Monday and Tuesday.
The visit to the border for the president is politically fraught — as Republicans have accused Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris of neglecting border security and immigration issues as the number of migrant arrests this past year reached never before seen heights.
As Biden visits El Paso, Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel will host a press conference in the Rio Grande Valley with community leaders to criticize the president’s “disastrous border security plan and its effects on Texas’s border communities”
Gov. Greg Abbott, who has made border security a top priority of his own administration and who initiated the building of a state-funded border wall, has called on the president to visit the Texas-Mexico border for months. He has not yet said whether he has any plans to join the Democrat or otherwise announced any counter programming.
“It’s about time that Joe Biden went down to the border to see the chaos that he himself created,” Abbott said on Fox News on Friday. “It’s stunning that it took him two years to do this, and now he’s gonna do probably nothing more than a photo op there.”
Biden recently announced a set of new policies that would allow 30,000 migrants per month from Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua and Venezuela to enter the country and be able to work legally for up to two years as long as they apply from their home country and can find someone to economically support them in the U.S.
At the same time, immigration agents would expand the use of the emergency health order, known as Title 42, to expel the same number of migrants from those four countries to Mexico if they attempt to enter the U.S. illegally. According to the Department of Homeland Security, Mexico has agreed to accept up to 30,000 migrants a month from those countries under Title 42.E
If more than that number are apprehended, immigration officials would process additional migrants under standard immigration laws, which could result in deportation and a five-year ban from being able to enter the country legally.
As part of the new policies, the Biden administration also plans to propose an immigration rule that would deny asylum to anyone who immigrated to other countries and did not seek asylum there first. This rule will go through a public comment phase before it’s implemented and can take effect.
Some immigrant rights advocates welcomed the new program allowing 30,000 migrants a month to enter legally. But they also blasted the president for expanding Title 42 and proposing a travel ban on migrants experiencing violence.
The Biden administration had attempted to lift Title 42 earlier this year before a federal judge in Louisiana ordered the administration to continue enforcing the emergency health order. In November, Judge Emmet Sullivan of the U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C., ordered the Biden administration to immediately lift Title 42, then later agreed to give the federal government until Dec. 21 to prepare for the change.
On Dec. 27, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the Biden administration must continue implementing Title 42. The high court agreed to hear arguments in February on whether an Arizona-led coalition of 19 states, including Texas, can challenge a lower-court ruling that ordered the Biden administration to lift Title 42.
Dylan Corbett, the executive director of the Hope Border Institute in El Paso, said he would “like to see this administration make the moral argument to the rest of the country that we need to put in place an effective, humane, accessible, welcoming, and compassionate system of protection at the border.”
“At the end of the day, the expansion of Title 42 to include Cubans, Haitians, and Nicaraguans is a broken promise,” Corbett said. “Rather than putting our country on a sure path to fully restoring asylum at the border, these new actions entrench a dangerous, ineffective, and inhumane policy.”
Eleanor Acer, senior director for refugee protection at Human Rights First, said “we urge the administration to adjust course, end its expansion of Title 42, and abandon its misguided plan to advance an asylum ban. “
”While we welcome the creation of new safe pathways, we strongly condemn the Biden administration’s decision to expand use of Title 42 to additional nationalities and its potential resurrection of a new asylum ban that would turn away people seeking refugee protection,” she said.
Last month, El Paso was the epicenter of a large increase of migrants crossing the Rio Grande from Ciudad Juárez. Border Patrol officials released some migrants into El Paso’s downtown after processing them, and hundreds slept outdoors in nearly freezing temperatures because local shelters had reached their limits. In fiscal year 2022, which ended in September, immigration agents encountered 2.4 million migrants at the southern border — a record-breaking number.
Meanwhile in El Paso’s Segundo Barrio, a neighborhood south of downtown, hundreds of migrants have slept in the street where Sacred Heart Church has been housing some migrants at night. Not everyone fits in the church’s shelter so many have slept on the sidewalks next to it.
The situation in recent weeks has been tense.
El Paso police recently arrested 27-year-old Steven Mathew Driscoll on suspicion of harassing and pointing a gun at some of the migrants on New Year’s Eve. Also, in the past week, El Paso police and Border Patrol agents have been arresting migrants near the church. Police say they are arresting migrants who are violating city ordinances and Border Patrol agents say they have been arresting migrants who crossed the border without being processed.
Some migrants said they have enough money to get a bus out of town to reunite with family in other parts of the country but are afraid to step away from the church’s premises because they are afraid they are going to be arrested by police or immigration agents.
On a recent Friday afternoon, Pastor Rafael Garcia was standing on the corner of a sidewalk looking concerned as El Paso police arrested a migrant. An officer on the scene told Garcia police were arresting the migrant on suspicion of violating a city ordinance.
Garcia said he hoped Biden recognizes that “these people are fleeing violence and are in a desperate situation.”
“So what alternative do they have?” he said.
Jorge Luis Lugo, a 26-year-old Venezuelan migrant, washed his face in a portable sink saying he wished Biden would visit the church to see the conditions migrants are living in. He said that he wished Biden’s latest immigration plan would have included migrants who have already arrived.
“After sacrificing a lot how does he expect us to just go back?” he said. “We just want a chance to be able to work and help our families back home.”
Carolina Rodriguez, 36, said they’ve been sleeping on a sidewalk next to the church since Christmas Day. Her and her husband left their 12- and 9-year-old daughters back home with her mother because they only want to be in the U.S. to work. She said she has a cousin in Florida is trying to gather up enough money to buy them either a plane or bus ticket out of El Paso. In the meantime, she said she would stay in El Paso to work but so far has been denied a job as a barber.
“Not all of us are bad,” she said, sitting an altar of a Virgin of Guadalupe while her husband laid down near her. “There’s a lot of us who have skills, professions and simply just want to work to get ahead in life.”
In Venezeula, she was a kindergarten teacher but after the country’s economy collapsed, it wasn’t enough money to sustain her family. She worked various jobs such as cutting hair or making cakes but then she began getting death threats over the phone. She said she has family who worked for the local government and the anonymous threats came from people saying they would kidnap her or her children unless she gave them money in return for her safety.
She said she reported it to police but life in Venezuela was unbearable.
“I’m a big believer in God, so if He wants me here on the streets so be it,” she said. “Soon my family will be able to get me money to get out here.”